What is Egg Freezing and Why it’s done, What are the risks associated with it?

In this article, Dr. H. B Patel one of the Top IVF doctors who work in a IVF Center in Ahmedabad talks about “What is Egg Freezing and Why it’s done, What are the risks associated with it?”

Dr. H.B Patel is a gynecologist, obstetrician, and infertility specialist in bopal, Ahmedabad, and has an experience of 36 years in these domains. Dr. H.B Patel practices in Nisha women’s hospital and IVF center in bopal, Ahmedabad.

Mature oocyte cryopreservation, commonly known as egg freezing, is a procedure that is used to preserve a woman’s capacity to get pregnant in the future.

Eggs retrieved from your ovaries are frozen unfertilized and maintained in a freezer until they are needed again. Frozen eggs can be warmed in a lab and then mixed with sperm before being put in your uterus (in vitro fertilization).

What is Egg Freezing and Why it’s done, What are the risks associated with it?

Why it is done?

Ahmedabad-based IVF doctor Dr. H. B Patel says that Egg freezing may be a possibility if you are not ready to become pregnant right away but want to ensure that you will be able to become pregnant in the future.

Due to the fact that the eggs are not fertilized before they are frozen, unlike fertilized egg freezing (also known as embryo cryopreservation), egg freezing does not necessitate the use of sperm. Just like with embryo freezing, you will need to utilize fertility medicines to induce ovulation in order to generate numerous eggs for retrieval, just as you would with egg freezing.

If any of the following apply, egg freezing may be an option for you:

I) You have a medical issue or a life scenario that can have an impact on your fertility

Sickle cell anemia, autoimmune disorders such as lupus, and gender variance, such as being transgender, are examples of such illnesses and conditions.

II) You are undergoing treatment for cancer or another illness that may impair your ability to become pregnant at this time

Certain medical treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy, can have a negative impact on your ability to conceive. If you freeze your eggs before treatment, you may be able to have biological children later on.

III) Currently, you’re undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)

If you are considering in vitro fertilization, you may want to consider egg freezing rather than embryo freezing for religious or ethical reasons.

IV) Suppose you want to save some of your younger eggs for later usage

Freezing eggs at a younger age may make it easier for you to become pregnant when the time comes.

When you have frozen eggs, you can use them to try to have a child with sperm from a spouse or from a sperm donor. A donation might be identified or remain anonymous. In addition, the embryo can be implanted in the uterus of another individual in order to carry the pregnancy to term (gestational carrier) notes Dr. H. B Patel a leading IVF Specialist in Ahmedabad.

Risks

Egg freezing presents a number of challenges, including the following:

I) Conditions associated with the use of fertility medications

Only in rare cases, the use of injectable fertility medicines to stimulate ovulation, such as a synthetic follicle-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone, might cause your ovaries to become enlarged and painful immediately following ovulation or egg retrieval (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome).

Abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are just a few of the signs and symptoms. An even more rare occurrence is the development of a more severe version of the syndrome, which can be life-threatening.

II) Complications with the egg retrieval procedure

In rare cases, the use of an aspirating needle to recover eggs might result in bleeding, infection, or damage to the intestine, bladder, or a blood artery during the retrieval process.

III) Emotional dangers are present

Egg freezing can give women hope for a future pregnancy, but there is not a guarantee that the procedure will be successful.

If you decide to use your frozen eggs to conceive a child, the likelihood of miscarriage will be determined mostly by your age at the time your eggs were frozen. Miscarriage rates are higher in older women, which is primarily owing to the fact that their eggs are older.

To date, there has been no evidence that kids born as a result of egg freezing are more likely to have birth abnormalities than other newborns. More research, however, is required to determine the safety of egg freezing opines Dr. H. B Patel one of the best IVF Doctors in Ahmedabad.

Results

When you decide to use your frozen eggs, they will be thawed and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory before being implanted in your uterus or the uterus of a gestational carrier.

Your health-care team may advise you to use a technique known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection for fertilization (ICSI). ICSI is a technique in which a single healthy sperm is directly inserted into each mature egg.

According to your age at the time of egg freezing, your odds of becoming pregnant after implantation range from 30 to 60%, depending on your situation. The older you are at the time of egg freezing, the less likely it is that you will have a live delivery in the future, according to the research says Dr. H. B Patel one of the best IVF Specialists in Ahmedabad.